[6] Marc Antony was defeated and retreated to Alexandria. He also declared Caesarion to be Julius Caesar’s legitimate heir and proclaimed him King of Kings and King of Egypt. Marc Antony and Octavian came face to face at the famous Battle of Actium in September 31 B.C. For the daughter of Cleopatra VII of Egypt and Roman Triumvir Mark Antony, see Cleopatra Selene II. The Year of the Duchess of Windsor (2021), Burial places of the Queens and Consorts of England, Burial places of the Queens Consort of France, Burial places of the Queens and Consorts of Portugal, Burial Places of the Queens and Consorts of Spain, Carolina of Orange-Nassau – Ancestress of the Royal Houses of Europe, Queen Wilhelmina – A collection of articles. She later became queen consort of Syria as the wife of Antiochus IX Cyzicenus. [7] However, the death of Cleopatra VII and Caesarion made Cleopatra Selene and Alexander Helios in charge of Egypt, and they were brought back to Alexandra to reign in name only until Egypt was officially annexed by the Roman Empire two weeks later. . Daughter of King Ptolemy XII Auletes, Cleopatra was destined to become the last queen of the Macedonian dynasty that ruled Egypt between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 bce and its annexation by Rome in 30 bce. She was the daughter of Ptolemy VIII of Egypt by his niece Cleopatra III. Cleopatra Selene (Greek: Κλεοπάτρα Σελήνη; c. 135/130 – 69 BC) was the queen regnant of Syria as Cleopatra II Selene (83-69 BC). [11], Cleopatra Selene married Juba II sometime around 20 B.C. Caesarion went to India, but en route he was betrayed by his tutor, intercepted by Roman forces and executed. Your data will be shared with Google and other ad vendors. The Donations of Alexandria and an alleged copy of Marc Antony’s will, which stated that Marc Antony would rather be buried with Cleopatra VII in Alexandria instead of Rome with Octavia, broke away with his breach with Octavian. [19], Cleopatra was survived by her husband and their son Ptolemy, who ruled Mauretania together until Juba's death in AD 23. The event in 5 BC most closely resembles the description given in the eulogy. Historians generally assume that Juba wouldn't have taken a second wife as a thoroughly Romanized king, arguing that if he married Glaphyra before 4 AD, then his first wife must have already been dead. The deaths of their mother and Caesarion left Selene and Alexander nominally in charge of Egypt until the kingdom was officially annexed by the Roman Empire two weeks later. Simply click 'close' in the top right corner to continue reading! [20], Mauretania needed to be modernized. Let the children of Kings in turn hold from their fathers a strong rule over both lands. Remove Ads Advertisement. One of the two satellites of the asteroid (216) Kleopatra was named Cleoselene in her honor. Because she saw her beautiful namesake, Selene, Cleopatra's promotion of architecture marks a transition between the Hellenistic style and Roman. Antony declared Cleopatra to be Queen of Kings, Caesarion to be the true son of Julius Caesar and King of Egypt, and proceeded to bestow kingdoms of their own upon Selene and her brothers. She started as a winning card in the hands of her mother and became an important political player herself. Desc: Cleopatra II Selene was the monarch of Syria from 82 to 69 BC. By the time Octavian arrived in Egypt in the summer of 30 BC, the couple had sent the children away. Born around 130 bce; died in 69 bce; youngest daughter of Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II and Cleopatra III Euergetis (c. 155–101 bce) of Egypt; sister of Cleopatra IV (c. 135–112 bce) and Cleopatra Tryphaena (d. Source for information on Cleopatra Selene (c. 130–69 BCE): Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia dictionary. Therefore, Mauretania was a cosmopolitan kingdom mixed with Greek, Roman, and Egyptian culture. Cleopatra Selene (c. 130–69 bce)Queen of Egypt and Syria. We do not know what happened to them, but it is most likely that they died of natural causes before they reached adulthood. Check your inbox or spam folder to confirm your subscription. I had heard of her yet did not know much about her life. Whitehorne, John. Married first her brother Ptolemy IX and second Antiochus IX Cyzicenus, king of Syria. Cleopatra Selene I (Greek: Κλεοπάτρα Σελήνη; c. 135/130-69 BC) was the daughter of Ptolemy VIII Physcon by his niece Cleopatra III of Egypt. Cleopatra Selene of Syria The monarch of Syria as Cleopatra II Selene (82–69 BC). She imported many important advisers, scholars, and artists from her mother's royal court in Alexandria to serve in Caesarea. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! [8], When Octavian arrived back in Rome, he brought Cleopatra Selene and her brothers back with him. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Cleopatra Selene is the forgotten daughter of the infamous Cleopatra VII. Cleopatra Selene queen of Syria. Not interested? Cleopatra IV (Greek: Κλεοπάτρα) was Queen of Egypt briefly from 116 to 115 BC, jointly with her husband Ptolemy IX Lathyros. Posted on May 29, 2018 Author kyra. December 12, 2017 Cleopatra Selene of Syria Monarch. Thereafter, Cleopatra, Juba and Ptolemy were mostly forgotten.[15]. This article is about the daughter of Ptolemy VIII Physcon and Cleopatra III of Egypt. Cleopatra Selene II, Egypt, The Royal Women Juba II proved to be a smart man and accompanied Augustus on a number of campaigns. Over the next two years, Antony bestowed a great deal of land on Cleopatra and their children under his triumviral authority. The twins were formally acknowledged by their father, Triumvir Mark Antony, during a political meeting with their mother in 37 BC. Cleopatra Selene I (Greek:η Κλεοπάτρα Σελήνη) was the daughter of Ptolemy VIII Physcon by his niece Cleopatra III of Egypt.She was the wife of three different kings; including queen consort to Ptolemy IX Lathyros of Egypt, and later queen of Syria.. Covering her suffering in the night, Died: 69 BC. In a grand ceremony, large crowds witnessed Marc Antony and Cleopatra VII sitting on golden thrones with Caesarion, Cleopatra Selene, Alexander Helios, and Ptolemy Philadelphos sitting on smaller thrones just below them. Subscribe to our free weekly newsletter and join our 5,183 subscribers to stay up to date on History of Royal Women's articles! Roller, Duane W. The World of Juba II and Kleopatra Selene: Royal Scholarship on Rome’s. She was executed by Tigranes II of Armenia in 69 BC after he captured her and later executed her. If so, astronomical correlation then can be used to help pinpoint the date of her death: Lunar eclipses occurred in 9, 8, 5 and 1 BC and in AD 3, 7, 10, 11 and 14. Octavian captured Selene and her brothers, and took them to Rome. [21] They also built a lighthouse that resembled the Lighthouse of Alexandria. [26] Emperor Caligula’s successor, Claudius, took advantage of Mauretania’s situation. Octavia arranged for Cleopatra Selene to marry the intellectual King Juba II of Numidia, whose father had committed suicide in 46 BC. The kingdom of Emesa was in the Roman province of Syria and overlapped into modern-day Armenia. Cleopatra’s Daughter. It encompassed modern-day Algeria and Morocco rather than today’s Mauretania. Cleopatra Selene was the daughter of Cleopatra VII and Marc Antony. Demetrius II was captured and held as a prisoner by the Parthian Empire. Juba died in 23 AD and was buried in the same tomb. The daughter of Ptolemy VIII and Cleopatra III of Egypt, Cleopatra Selene was favoured by her mother and became a pawn in Cleopatra III's political manoeuvres. In 34 BC, during the Donations of Alexandria, huge crowds assembled to witness the couple sit on golden thrones on a silver platform with Caesarion, Cleopatra Selene, Alexander Helios, and Ptolemy Philadelphus sitting on smaller ones below them. She was made ruler of Cyrenaica and Libya. Date of death. [22] They also filled their court with scholars and artists who were from all parts of the Roman Empire. Even so, if you can update or improve it, please do so. [12] Evidence for this is shown on the commencement of their joint coinage. Cleopatra Selene was named Queen of Cyrenaica and Libya. She had coins engraved with her image and poems written about her. A hoard of Selene's coins has been dated at 17 AD. Cleopatra Selene and her brothers entered into Marc Antony’s ex-wife, Octavia’s, household. ... for Selene the queen, the same that was also called Cleopatra, ruled then over Syria, who had persuaded the inhabitants to exclude Tigranes. Routledge Ltd, Abingdon, Oxon, 2003;2004;. It was not until Cleopatra Selene was three years old that Marc Antony, who had finally separated from his wife Octavia, formally acknowledged the twins as his own in Antioch. Cleopatra Selene of Syria-Wikipedia. Cleopatra supported Mauretanian trade. The daughter’s name is technically unknown but is thought to be Drusilla. About Cleopatra Selene of Syria in brief. Their remains have not been found at the site, perhaps due to tomb raids, possibly shortly after the mausoleum's construction; or because the structure was meant to serve as a memorial and not as a place of burial. Ptolemy of Mauretania, and Drusilla of Mauretania the Elder. His choice settled on the Numidian prince Juba II. Some time after Tigranes had conquered Syria (83 BC), she traveled to Rome to have her sons recognized as kings of Egypt, but to no avail. 63, History Today Ltd, London, 2013. Their younger brother, Ptolemy Philadelphos, was born a year later. It was only a matter of time when Octavian caught up with them in Alexandria. queen of Egypt and Syria. Originally she was named Selene, only adding the Ptolemaic throne name Cleopatra after her marriage with Lathyros. In 31 BC. Thanks for the interesting article! Selene is married to the widowed King Grypus of Syria, her cousin and ex-brother-in-law, and Cleopatra III forces Alexander to marry his niece Cleopatra Berenike, Chickpea and Cleopatra IV's young daughter. [24], “The moon herself grew dark, rising at sunset, covering her suffering in the night, because she saw her beautiful namesake, Selene, breathless, descending to Hades, with her she had had the beauty of her light in common, and mingled her own darkness with her death.”[25], This was a fitting death for a queen who was named after the moon. The kingdom also contained a few Greek and Roman colonies. [10] However, even contemporary client kings with Roman citizenship took multiple wives. Routledge Ltd, Abingdon, Oxon, 2003;2004;, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window). Thank you for this! Cleopatra Selene, one of the most determined and long‐lived of the Ptolemaic royal women, was born around 135–130 BCE, the daughter of Ptolemy VIII and his niece‐wife, Cleopatra III.She was one of three daughters (with Cleopatra IV and Tryphaina) and two sons (Ptolemy IX and Ptolemy X), and may have been the youngest of the royal siblings. Once Juba II died in 23 A.D., Ptolemy became the sole ruler. [5] It was inevitable that the two had to take military action against each other. Neither of the children were old enough to assume control of their lands, but it was clear that their parents intended they should do so in the future. HM George I's 55-Great Aunt. Role in Roman Politics. [citation needed] Between 26 and 20 BC, Cleopatra Selene is the only known surviving member of the Ptolemaic dynasty. In 193 BC Cleopatra I, a Seleucid princess, married King Ptolemy V of Egypt. Evangelische Stadtkirche Dillenburg – A hidden gem. The moon herself grew dark, rising at sunset, HRE Ferdinand I's 49-Great Aunt. Wikipedia. Married his niece Berenice (daughter of Ptolemy IX and Cleopatra Selene I) Cleopatra IV born between 138 and 135 BC. Swollen from black Ethiopia, divides, Dynastic marriage was used to maintain a degree of peace between Ptolemaic Egypt and Syria; Ptolemaic princess Cleopatra Thea became the consort of three successive Syrian kings in 150, 145 and 138 BC. Eventually, she ruled Syria as Queen Regent for a time and was able to make a play for the Egyptian throne on her sons’ behalf. Learn how your comment data is processed. Caesarion was sent to India. [9], When Cleopatra Selene reached the age of maturity, Augustus began to think of a suitable match for her. The youngest Ptolemy Philadelphus was named King of Syria and Cilicia.[4].